Q- Answer the following questions briefly:
1. What are the controls affecting the climate of India?
1. Following are the controls which affects the climate of India:
· Distance from the sea
· Ocean currents
· Relief features
These factors control the climate of India or climate of India is based in these all basic factors.
2. Why does India have a monsoon types of climate?
2. India is a large country through which several zones passes. From all of them ther main In 20° North and 20° South the monsoon winds blows and this creates or form a monsoon types of climate in India That is why India have a monsoon types of climate. This climates is very helpful in making India a agricultural based country because many farmers are depended on rain for irrigation.
3. Why parts of India does experience the highest diurnal range of temperature and why?
Answer- The Indian deserts which are called as Thar desert of Rajasthan which is located in the north-western parts of India experience the highest diurnal range of temperature because this is a vast barren area fully covered with sand, as we all know that sand got heated very quickly so due to sunlight the temperature of sand becomes high and it creates diurnal range of temperature in Thar desert of Rajasthan, India.
4. Which winds account for rainfall along the Malabar coast?
Answer- Malabar coast gets rains from South-west monsoon winds. These winds blows from the Malabar coast and cause rain at that area.
5. What are Jet streams and how do they affect the climate of India?
Answer- The fast flowing, narrow, meandering air currents which found in our atmosphere of Earth is commonly known as Jet Streams.
The western flows of this stream are responsible for the western disturbances experienced in the north and the north-western parts of India. During the month of October to November the easterly jet streams causes tropical depressions.
6. Define monsoons. What do you understand by “break” in monsoon?
Answer- A wind system that influences large climatic regions and reverses direction seasonally is usually or commonly known as Monsoon. The Monsoon “break” refers to the happening of wet and dry spells during the rainy season. The monsoon rains take place only for a few days at a time.
7. Why is monsoon considered a unifying bonds?
Answer- The monsoon considered a unifying bonds because:
India is highly influenced by its flora and fauna, the water for agricultural activities is provided by these monsoon winds, most of the festivals in India that are related to agricultural cycle may be known by different names in different parts of the country, but their celebration is decided by the monsoon and the river valleys carry water of rain as a source of water.
That is why monsoon is considered as a unifying bonds in India.