Q- Give an account of interstate disparities of poverty in India?
Answer- The interstate disparities of poverty in India refers to the difference among the number of poor or people under poverty line in different states of India. Estimation shows that the average HCR was 21.9 percent in 2011-12 but on the other hand the two poorest states of India are Odisha and Bihar with the poverty ratio of about 33.7 percent and 37.6 percent respectively. In comparison there is a rapid decline in poverty of states such as Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and West Bengal. These states have used agricultural growth and human capital formation to reduce poverty of our country.
Human resource can be turned into human capital by investing in human resource in form of education as well as health care facility to improve them. The quality of human capital depends on these two factors. If the education system of a country is good then the quality of human capital also increases.