Why hills are cooler during summer and people prefer to go to hill stations?

Q- Why hills are cooler in summer and people prefer to go to hill stations?

Answer- Hills are at a very high altitude so as we all know that at high altitude the atmosphere of the Earth becomes less dense which leads to a decrease in the temperature of that area. That is why hilly areas are cooler in summer and people prefer to go to hill stations in the summer season.

In the above question, it was asked about why hills are cooler during summer and people prefer to the hill stations. So, the exact and correct answer to this question is because of its cool temperate in the summer seasons. And this is because of the high altitude in hilly regions. Now, if you want to ask any of your doubts tell me in the comment box. In the paragraph given below. We are going to tell you about some geographical features of India as it is one of the chapters in the class 9th geography textbook. So, keep treading the lines given below:

India is the seventh-largest country on the basis of area in the World. India is one of the largest countries in southern Asia. India is officially also called as the Republic of India. India has the second-highest populated nation in World after China. India is one of the countries that is covered with water bodies from the majority of the area. Several people get employment through these water bodies. This land route in the Northern part of India contains mountains that work as a natural barrier to protect India from the cold winds of the Asian continent. This land route helps a lot in the exchange of ideas and commodities since the ancient time from India to other countries and from other countries to India. You can learn this through an example that the ideas of the Indian numerical system, Upanishads, Ramayana, the stories or tales of Panchtantra, and decimal in mathematics are transferred or shared all over the World through this ancient route. We all know that India has a very high population and in the case of democratic countries, India is the most populated democracy in the World. Modern Humans arrived in India from the subcontinent from Africa. The Original or real Indian plate survives as Peninsular India. India is a huge megadiverse country that is a habitat for about 8.6 percent of all mammals species, 7.9 percentage of all reptiles species, 6 percent of all amphibian species, 13.7 percent of all birds species, 12 percent of fish species, and around 6 percent of all flowering plant species. There is a total of 34 biodiversity hotspots in the World. Among them, all 4 biodiversity hotspots are located in India. The forest-covered area of India is around 99278 kilometers square. About 20 to 22 percent of the area of India is covered with Forests. When we talk about the very dense forests that have canopy more than 75 percent cover 2 percent of the total land area of country India.

According to several historians, the modern age of India began from 1848 to 1885. In the modern age of India, there were several changes that took place. Some of the big changes that took place in the modern period in India are the education of citizens of India, demarcation as well as consolidation of sovereignty, surveillance of the population, the telegraph being introduced, etc. From the mid of modern time, the British rulers came to India and started establishing their role over India. Along with the passage of time. The Britishers made India a colony of Britain. They used to transport raw materials from India to Britain. After the establishment of the East India Company in India the British empire started spreading and in a very short time period, they spread over a large area of India. The regions that were conquered by the East India Company at the starting are Pakistan and some parts of India.

Today India is a very big danger that is loss of wildlife and increase in deforestation. Both of these problems are directly or indirectly connected or interlinked to one another. A rapid increase in the cutting down of trees on a large scale leads to a decrease in the population of wild animals and the extension of wild plants. There are several species that were extended from India from deforestation and industrialization. In this modern time period, there is a large increment in industrialization that led to the cutting down of trees for wood and free land space for construction. The government of India had taken several steps to protect wildlife from extinction. For this motive, several projects were introduced by the government of India to get conserve wildlife. Some of the projects started by the government of India are given below:

  • Project Tiger
  • Crocodile conservation project
  • Sea Turtle Project
  • Dolphin
  • India Adopt SAWEN
  • Project Elephant
  • Captive Breeding Program

The government of India started construction work of many wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in India. Still, the hunting of wild animals does not stop. The main reason behind the failure of the Indian government in protecting or conserving wildlife is the lenient system of government. The system of the Indian government is very lenient which is why are they are still incapable to stop the hunting of wildlife. There are several wild animals that have gone extinct today. Some of the extinct animals of India are as follows:

  • Pink-headed duck
  • Bratherium
  • Sivatherium
  • Asian Straight-tusked elephant
  • Stegodon
  • Asiatic Cheetah
  • Northern Sumatran Rhinoceros
  • Himalayan Quail

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