Q- Answer the following questions briefly:
1. What do you understand by human poverty?
Answer- The situation in which lack of essential human necessities such as literacy, healthcare and a basic standard of living occurs is refers to as Human poverty. These attributes cannot be measured by a minimum income level and require the study of both, the individual and the state in which he resides.
2. Who are the poorest of the poor?
Answer- Poorest of the poor includes the women, children especially girl who are below poverty line are called as poorest of the poor.
3. What are the main features of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005?
Answer- National Rural Employment Guarantee Act is a program launched by government which aimed to reduce poverty in India mainly rural areas. It aimed to provide 100 days of wage employment in every household. This ensures a regular wage in rural areas and promotes sustainable development. The job opportunities which are provided in this scheme have a reservation of women which is about one-third of the total jobs. In this scheme the average wage has increased from Rs. 65 lakh in 2006-07 to Rs. 132 lakh in 2013-14.