Define Infectious disease. Give two example

Q- Define Infectious disease. Give two example.

Answer- Infectious diseases are those diseases that are caused due to harmful pathogens that enter inside our body from the outer environment. These external agents can be a virus, bacteria, fungi, or parasites. Infectious diseases are usually very fastly spreading diseases because the disease agents spread from one person to another very quickly. There are different types of infectious diseases with different signs & symptoms.

Two examples of infectious diseases are- Chickenpox and Common cold

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Define Infectious disease give two example

Infectious diseases are those diseases that are caused by infectious organisms.

These infectious organisms can be viruses, bacteria, parasites, or fungi. Under certain circumstances, when the immune system of the host (organism) is fully functional, disease symptoms may not develop in its body.

If the host immune system is compromised (weak), or the infectious agent overwhelms the immune system of the host so in this case, an infectious disease ensues.

Some of the examples of infectious diseases are as follows:

  • Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM)
  • Babesiosis
  • Botulism
  • Anaplasmosis
  • Brucellosis
  • Campylobacteriosis
  • Anthrax CDC
  • Avian Influenza
  • Ciguatera (Harmful Algae Blooms (HABs)
  • Clostridium Difficile Infection
  • Clostridium Perfringens (Epsilon Toxin)
  • Dengue, 1,2,3,4 (Dengue Fever)
  • Diphtheria
  • Coccidioidomycosis fungal infection (Valley fever)
  • E. coli infection, Shiga toxin-producing (STEC)
  • Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE)
  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Cyclosporiasis
  • Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (Ebola)
  • COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019)
  • Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease, transmissible spongiform encephalopathy
  • Pustular Rash diseases (Small pox, monkeypox, cowpox)
  • Q-Fever
  • Rabies
  • Psittacosis (Parrot Fever)
  • Pthiriasis (Crabs; Pubic Lice Infestation)
  • Ricin Poisoning
  • Rickettsiosis (Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever)
  • Tetanus Infection, tetani (Lock Jaw)
  • Trichomoniasis (Trichomonas infection)
  • Rubella, Including congenital (German Measles)
  • Salmonellosis gastroenteritis (Salmonella)
  • Scabies Infestation (Scabies)
  • Staphylococcal Infection, Vancomycin Intermediate (VISA)
  • Streptococcal Disease, Group B (Strep-B)
  • Trichonosis Infection (Trichinosis)
  • Streptococcal Toxic-Shock Syndrome, STSS, Toxic Shock (STSS, TSS)
  • Syphilis , primary, secondary, early latent, late latent, congenital
  • Tuberculosis (TB)
  • Tuberculosis (Latent) (LTBI)
  • Tularemia (Rabbit fever)
  • Typhoid Fever, Group D
  • Septic Shock (Sepsis)
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
  • Yesenia (Yersinia)
  • Zika Virus Infection (Zika)
  • Typhus
  • Vaginosis, bacterial (Yeast Infection)
  • Scombroid
  • Shigellosis gastroenteritis (Shigella)
  • Vibrio cholerae (Cholera)
  • Vibriosis (Vibrio)
  • Vaping-Associated Lung Injury (e-Cigarette Associated Lung Injury)
  • Varicella (Chickenpox)
  • Viral Hemorrhagic Fever (Ebola, Lassa, Marburg)
  • West Nile Virus
  • Yellow Fever
  • Smallpox
  • Staphylococcal Infection, Vancomycin Resistant (VRSA)
  • Lymphogranuloma venereum infection (LGV)
  • Malaria
  • Measles
  • Melioidosis
  • Carbapenem-resistant Infection
  • Chancroid
  • Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
  • Meningitis, Viral (Meningitis, viral)
  • Meningococcal Disease, Bacterial (Meningitis, bacterial)
  • Plague; Bubonic, Septicemic, Pneumonic (Plague)
  • Pneumococcal Disease (Pneumonia)
  • Chikungunya Virus Infection (Chikungunya)
  • Chlamydia
  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
  • Monkeypox
  • Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C)
  • Mumps
  • Norovirus
  • Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning, Ciguatera)
  • Pediculosis (Lice, Head and Body Lice)
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Poliomyelitis (Polio)
  • Powassan
  • Enterovirus Infection, Non-Polio (Non-Polio Enterovirus)
  • Enterovirus Infection , D68 (EV-D68)
  • Giardiasis (Giardia)
  • Glanders
  • Haemophilus Influenza disease, Type B (Hib or H-flu)
  • Ehrlichiosis
  • Hepatitis D (Hep D)
  • Hepatitis E (Hep E)
  • Encephalitis, Arboviral or parainfectious
  • Hepatitis C (Hep C)
  • Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)
  • Hepatitis A (Hep A)
  • Herpes
  • Herpes Zoster, zoster VZV (Shingles)
  • Histoplasmosis infection (Histoplasmosis)
  • Streptococcal Disease , Group A (invasive) (Strep A (invasive)
  • Staphyloccal Infection , Methicillin-resistant (MRSA)
  • Lead Poisoning
  • Legionellosis (Legionnaires Disease)
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus/AIDS (HIV/AIDS)
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Influenza (Flu)
  • Leprosy (Hansens Disease)
  • Gonococcal Infection (Gonorrhea)
  • Granuloma inguinale
  • Leptospirosis
  • Staphylococcal Food Poisoning, Enterotoxin – B Poisoning (Staph Food Poisoning)
  • Listeriosis (Listeria)
  • Lyme Disease

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