Q- Describe the current government strategy of poverty alleviation.
Answer- The government’s anti-poverty alleviation strategy is based on mainly two major factors. These two major facts are as follows:
1. Promotion of economic growth
2. Targeted anti-poverty programmes
1. Promotion of economic growth:
The growth in economy gives opportunity of job creation within the country which provides stable livelihood to people and thereby reduces the number of poor people or people under poverty line. It also provides various resources such as: education, medical facilities, transportation e.t.c. which further allows creation of job opportunity.
2. Targeted anti-poverty programmes:
The government has started several anti-poverty programmes that target the reduction of poverty in the country.
There were several major steps taken by Indian government to reduce poverty. One of the most population policy or program started by government to reduce poverty in rural area is Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act which was started in year 2005. This program aimed to provide employment to 100 days of wage employment in rural areas.
Similarly, Prime Minister Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) creates self-employment opportunities in rural areas and small towns. Some of the other programmes of government are:
Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yogana: This program assists poor families above the poverty line by organizing them into self-help groups.
Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana:
This program assistance is given to states for basic services such as primary health, primary education, rural shelter, rural drinking water and rural electrification.