Q- Expand the term AIDS and HIV.
Answer- The term AIDS refers to acquired immune deficiency syndrome. AIDS is one of the sexually transmitted disease. It is also called a human Immunodeficiency virus infection. On the other hand, HIV refers to human Immunodeficiency virus. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS in the Human body.
Some Questions for You
The answer noted above is based on expand the term AIDS and HIV. Now below paragraph is based on AIDS and HIV virus. In that answer, we told you the full form of AIDS that is acquired immune and HIV that is Human Immunodeficiency virus. We hope that now you understood the answer of (expand the term AIDS and HIV).
A brief note on HIV and AIDS is given below. So, if you are interested in reading about HIV and AIDS then you can read about them.
HIV is the virus that causes the disease AIDS and started inferring with the immunity of humans that helps the body to protect itself from various infections. The HIV virus can be transmitted from one person to another through some specific mediums such as blood, sexual contact, semen, vaginal fluid, etc. Once the HIV virus gets transmitted into a healthy person’s body so, within one of two weeks symptoms of fever, cough, sore throat, flu, etc. can occur.
HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system of the human body. If HIV is not treated, it can lead to a disease that is known as AIDS. AIDS means acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. To prevent HIV and transmission of HIV from an infected person to a healthy person, it is very necessary to know the basics about HIV.
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system in the human body. If HIV is not treated at the time so, it can lead to AIDS disease (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). AIDS is a very dangerous disease as there is currently no effective cure. Once people get HIV, they have it for a lifetime. As we tell you previously that there is no cure for HIV/AIDS but with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled.
Origin of HIV
The HIV infection came into humans from a type of chimpanzee of Central Africa. The chimpanzee version of the HIV virus is called simian immunodeficiency virus or SIV in short form. It was probably passed to humans when humans hunted these chimpanzees for eating as food and came in contact with their infected blood. Several studies show that HIV may have jumped from chimpanzees to humans as far back as the late 1800s.
Over many decades, HIV slowly spread across the country of Africa and later into other parts of the world. We know that the virus has existed in the United States of America since at least the mid to late 1970s.
Stages of HIV
When people with the HIV virus don’t get treatment, they typically progress through three major stages. These stages lead to the worse condition of that particular person. But HIV medicine can slow down the effect of this virus or prevent the progression of AIDS disease.
There are three main stages in which the HIV virus progresses in the victim’s body. These three stages are given below:
Stage 1: Acute HIV infection
In this stage, the people have flu-like symptoms. This is the body’s natural response to HIV infection. But some people may not feel sick right away or at all. This is very common that there are not very many symptoms of HIV infection. So, if you have flu-like symptoms and think you may have been exposed to HIV, then you should reach the medical care center and ask for a test to diagnose acute infection. The HIV infection test may not detect the acute HIV infection in your body. So, in this case, only antigen or antibody tests or nucleic acid tests (NATs) can diagnose acute infection.
Stage 2: Chronic HIV infection
This is the second stage of HIV infection. In this stage, the HIV virus started showing its effects. This stage is also called clinical latency or asymptomatic HIV infection. At this stage, the HIV virus is still active but it reproduces at a very low level. Some people may not have any symptoms or get sick during this stage of HIV infection. At the end of this stage, the amount of HIV virus in the blood of an infected person (viral load) goes up and the CD4 cell count goes down. Now the symptoms started showing in the infected person as the virus levels got increased in the body.
Stage 3: AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)
This is the last and most severe stage of HIV infection. In this stage, the immune system of the infected person started damaging rapidly. People who are suffering from AIDS disease have such badly damaged immune systems that they get an increasing number of severe illnesses, which is called opportunistic infections.
In this stage, the CD4 cell count decreased an infected person’s body. This leads to receiving an AIDS diagnosis when their CD4 cell count drops below 200 cells/mm.
Without any treatment, people with AIDS typically survive approximately three years.
AIDS is enough dangerous disease because there is not any cure for AIDS. Several scientists and researchers are working on it for doing cure AIDS. But still, there is no cure. This also means that if anyone got infected by the HIV virus so this infection will remain for a lifetime. There are several cases of spreading AIDS through sexual contact. There are no other means of transmission of this disease. The only way of transmission of AIDS disease is through sexual contact. If a person has sexual contact with another person who is suffering from AIDS. So, in this case, the HIV virus which causes AIDS gets transmitted from the body of an infected person to a healthy person.
Symptoms of AIDS
There are not several symptoms of AIDS but still, it is not very easy for us to determine the disease AIDS through symptoms. The only way to know whether you are the victim of AIDS or not is medical test. If you want to know whether you are a victim of AIDS or not so you should reach any city hospital nearby you can ask them for your HIV test. The main symptoms of AIDS are as follows:
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Mouth ulcers
- Muscle aches
- Sore throat
- Night sweats
Expand the term AIDS and HIV
When we talk about ‘Expand the term AIDS AND HIV’ so the only thing that came to our mind is to tell the full form of HIV and AIDS but it is not enough to expand the term AIDS and HIV completely. To Expand the term AIDS and HIV, you have to tell a little bit of brief information about both HIV and AIDS. In the above paragraphs we told you about HIV and AIDS along with their symptoms and stages. So, you should read them all very carefully.
Then, if anyone asks you to expand the term AIDS and HIV so you can write about both HIV and AIDS very easily. In case you have any doubt or you want to ask something from us so tell in the comment box. The comment section is available at the bottom of this article.