Q- How can crop variety improvement methods come to rescue of farming facing the repeated crop failure? Describe three factors for which they would do crop improvement.
Answer- At earlier time the crop variety improvement is very necessary for farmers as most of the farmer faces loss. Thus all was due to crop failure.
To resolve the issue of crop failure various methods were taken. Mainly there are two ways to solve this issue:
On the other hand there are three main methods through which they decrease chances of crop failure. These are as follows:
1. Mixed cropping: Mixed cropping is the process of growing two or more types of crops together in the same field or piece of land.
2. Intercropping: Intercropping s a method in which two or more types of crops are grown or cultivated simultaneously in definite row pattern.
In this method the row pattern would be 1 : 1, 1 : 2 or 1 : 3.
3. Crop Rotation: Crop rotation can be defined as process in which more or less regular recurrent succession of different crops on the same piece of land. In other words the process in which different types of crops are grown alternately in the same fields is known called as crop rotation.