What is India’s most compelling challenge

Q- What is India’s most compelling challenge?

Answer- India’s most compelling challenge is poverty reduction. Wide disparities in poverty are visible between rural and urban areas and among different states.

In the above answer, we told you about what is india’s most compelling challenge. So, the correct is that poverty reduction is the most compelling challenge for India, and today India is struggling a lot to reduce the poverty among common people. Now, we would like to tell you about some very important questions from your class 9th examinations point of view. These questions you should note down and learn properly for your class 9th socials science examiniatoions:

How were Darwin and Herbert spencer’s ideas adopted by Hitler or Nazis

“1905 revolution proved to be a dress rehearsal for the revolution that took place in 1917 in Russia”.

Why did the Tsarist autocracy collapsed in 1917

The content given below is all about ‘the poverty in India’. It’s all about the major poverty challenges for India along with some measures that will help to reduce poverty in India. This all content is only for extra knowledge so if you wish to gain more knowledge on this topic so you can read otherwise you can ignore the paragraphs given below. 

India is the seventh-largest and second most populated country in the World. India has a huge population so there are several regions where the population density is very high. In this situation, there is a very big challenge for India that is ‘Poverty’. India is a developing nation its economy is growing but there is still a major challenge to India which is poverty. the major factors behind poverty are lack of education, lack of employment (source of income), etc. As in India, a large number of people are under the poverty line. There are several reasons that made ‘poverty reduction’ the most compelling challenge for India. Some of these reasons are given below:

  • Due to the rise in the price of food grains, there are several poor people who cannot even afford food for them.
  • Scarcity of employment opportunities for young people. There is huge unemployment in India as about 70 percent of adult people are unemployed and had to suffer to get employment. 
  • Due to food scarcity and food insecurity in India, most of the poor people are suffering from malnutrition.
Disadvantages of poverty in India:
Here we are going to tell you about the multiple disadvantages of poverty in India. Along with them, we will provide a brief description of each disadvantage of poverty in India.
1. Increase in malnutrition among Common People: We all know that there is a large number of people under poverty lines. These people are suffering from scarcity of food and sometimes when the prices of food grains rise up due to crop failure. They had to suffer from starvation. This condition makes malnutrition ver common among these people.
2. Cannot provide education to their children: We all know that poor people who are below the poverty line are not able to provide proper education to their children. So, this leads to a lack of education among their kids and this also spoils their future. Poverty makes people compelled to spoil their kid’s future through child labor. There are several kids who had to do child labor to support their families.
3. Rise to Crimes & illegal activities:
4. Increase in Corruption (especially in the government department): Nowadays, the Indian government is starting several programmes to help people who are below poverty line to afford food grains, education etc. facilities. So, these schemes that were launched by the government of India for people who are below the poverty line are not enough successful because of the increase in corruption. Today there are several officers in different government departments who encourage corruption and they themselves are corrupt officers. They used to annoy poor people who want to take advantage of the government scheme and take money from them as their commission. In this way, these kinds of officers take advantage of illiteracy and poverty among people.
Indian government launched several schemes or programs to help people who are below the poverty line and support them to make their survival easy. Some of the most popular schemes that are launched by the government of India are given below:
  • National Food for Work Programme
  • Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana of year 1999
  • National Old Age Pension Scheme of the year 1995
  • Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana that is also known as SGSY in short form.
  • Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana that is also known as SGRY in short. This program was launched by the Indian government in the year 2001
  • National Family Benefit Scheme that was launched by government of India in the year 1995. This program is also known as NFBS in short form.
  • Rural Housing- Indira Awaas Yojana that is also known as IAY.
  • Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana that is also known as PMGY in short.
  • Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP)
  • Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY)
  • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
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