Q- What types of Lakes are found in India? Give suitable examples?
Answer- India is a big country which consists of several lakes that are of different size, characteristics as well as specialties.
Most lakes of them are permanent and some are seasonal. From these all lakes some are formed from melted glaciers and snow or due to human activities.
But From all of these lakes the main three types of Lakes found in India are as follows with a brief description:
1. Salt water Lakes:
In India there are some lakes which are called as salt water lakes as usually every lake has fresh water but these lakes are different from all lakes. These lakes contain saline or salty water. Sometime salt water lakes are formed due to island drainage like sambhar lake in Rajasthan.
These lakes are used for preparing salt as their water is salty or saline.
Some main salt water lakes are:
Chilika lake, Pulicat lake and the kolleru lake.
2. Fresh water Lakes:
The Lakes which contains fresh water are known as fresh water lakes. Most of the lakes in India are fresh water lakes. These lakes are mostly in Himalayan region. These lakes are formed due to melting glaciers or snow of mountains.
3. Man-made Lakes:
The lakes which are formed due to human activities are commonly known as man-made lakes. These lakes are formed due to the damming of river for generating hydro electricity. These lakes are formed to drain the excessive water of river during water and adding water to the river during the dry season.
Some of the man-made lakes are:
Guru Gobind Sagra, Nizam sagar, Nagarjuna sagar, Ran Pratap Sagar e.t.c. .