Q- Why was forest affected by wars?
Answer- The two World Wars has major impact on forests. More trees were cu to meet the need of wood for manufacturing ships. In Java, the Dutch followed ‘scorched earth’ policy just before the Japanese occupation of the region. They destroyed sawmills and burnt huge piles of giant teak logs. The Japanese then continued the exploitation of forests. They forced forest villagers to cut down forests. For many villagers, it was an opportunity to expand cultivated area.