Q- How did the Mensheviks resist the protest of the bolsheviks?
Answer- The Mensheviks resist the protest of the Bolsheviks by taking some major actions. These are given below:
- The Mensheviks resist the protest of the Bolsheviks by forming many committees in Industries that questions the Industrialists about the actual way they ran the factories.
- The Mensheviks formed many Trade Unions soldier’s committees in the army.
- In June month about 500 representatives of the Soviets were sent to an All Russian Congress of Soviets, as the provisional government saw the grip of the Bolsheviks become stronger so they finally decided to take stern measures against the widely spreading discontent.
- The government arrested several popular leaders of the Bolsheviks as they held demonstrations against the provincial government.
- Several troops were trained and sent by the provincial government to protect some very important government buildings such as telephones, telegraphs, winter palaces, etc.
- The provincial government seized two popular newspaper printing buildings of the Bolsheviks.
Class 9th Important Questions
- By the end of 1940, Hitler was at the pinnacle of his power. Explain the statement.
- How are voter’s choices fulfilled by elections?
- State any three measures taken by the provincial government to suppress the Bolshevik influence
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The above question which asked about how did the mensheviks resist the protest of the bolsheviks is a very important question as per class 9th final examinations.
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If you enjoyed this article and found it very helpful for you so, tell us in the comment box. And as usual, we would like to tell you about Bolsheviks and Mensheviks in a little detail.
So, if you want to learn more about the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks in Russia. So, you can read the lines given below.
This content is only for extra knowledge about the two most popular communities in old Russian history that were the Mensheviks and Bolshevik groups in Russia. First of all, we are starting with the Mensheviks and then further we will tell you about the Bolsheviks.
Here we are telling only about the Mensheviks and the bolsheviks in the Russian Empire as we previously told you about how did the Mensheviks resist the protest of the bolsheviks class 9.
The Mensheviks group was one of the most dominant factions of the Russian Socialist movement. There are mainly three dominant factions in Russia at that time.
This faction was held in the year 1903 because of a very big dispute in Russia that is between Vladimir Lenin and Julius Martov within the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party. The Russian Socialist Labor Party is also known as the RSDLP in short form.
Partition of Russian Empire
This dispute leads to the division of the whole Russian Empire and the after this division the Socialist movement begins at the time of the second congress of the Russian Social democratic Labor Party.
This partition or division took place due to some very minor issues between people in Russia at the time to choose the editorial committee of Iskra.
So, Julius Martov and Vladimir Lenin both have different opinions on that case. Martov’s only stated that he should work under the guidance of a Party organization whereas Vladimir Lenin’s formulation required the party member to be a member of one of the Party’s organizations.
This leads to the partition of the Russian Social democratic Labor Party. In this partition, the people who supported Julius Martov joined the Mensheviks, and those who supported Vladimir Lenin joined the Bolsheviks in Russia.
In this way, these two committees were formed in Russia. After it, there were several disputes among both the Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks.
Further, this leads to the Revolt on the year 1917. If you do not know about the Revolution of the year 1917.
Once the partition is completed in the Russian empire so the Mensheviks started using different measures to resist the protest of the bolsheviks.
So, we are here you tell you about in short. The revolution of 1917 was held in the whole Russian Empire that occurred due to several disputes among people of different groups. After the overthrown of the Romanov dynasty by the revolution of February 1917.
The leader of Mensheviks demanded the government to pursue a ‘fair peace without any annexation’ but the meantime supported the war efforts through the slogan of ‘defense of the revolution.
In March and April month of the year 1917, the Menshevik leaders conditionally supported the newly formed liberal Russian Provisional Government.
After the collapse of the first Provisional Government in second May over the issue of annexations, The Tsereteli convinced the Mensheviks to strengthen the government for the sake of “saving the revolution in the Russian Empire” and enter a socialist-liberal coalition with Socialist-Revolutionaries as well as the liberal Constitutional Democrats, which they did on 17th May.
Along with the return of Martov from the European exile in early May, the left wing of the party challenged the party’s majority led by Tsereteli at the first post-revolutionary party conference on 9 May. But the right-wing prevailed it.
The Mensheviks had at least one representative in the Provisional Government until it was overthrown by the Bolsheviks during the October Revolution in Russia.
Along with the division of Mensheviks and Bolsheviks in Russia, The Mensheviks and all the other non-factional democrats returned from the exile of Europe.
Some of the people re-joined the Mensheviks. At the same time, there were several people who joined the bolshevik group. One of the most popular people of that time who joined the Bolsheviks group was Alexandra Kollontai.
Now after telling you about the Mensheviks of the Russian Empire, we would like to tell you about the Bolsheviks and the Bolshevik revolution in Russia. So, you should continue reading this article.
Bolsheviks- how did the Mensheviks resist the protest of the bolsheviks class 9
The Bolsheviks was a far-left, radical, revolutionary Marxist faction that was founded by Vladimir Lenin who was a popular leader of the Russian Empire.
The Bolsheviks were also known as Bolshevists in the English language but this name is used very rarely. The Bolsheviks formed their own party in Russia on the year 1912.
After forming their own party, the Bolsheviks took all the powers into their hands during the October Revolution in the Russian Republic in November month of the year 1917.
After overthrowing the Provisional Government of Alexander Kerensky the bolsheviks became the only ruling party in subsequent Soviet Russia. Later subsequent Soviet Russia was renamed the Soviet Union.
Before we move forward, we want to inform you that all the content that is provided in this article is based on research on the internet.
So, the bolsheviks considered themselves the leaders of the revolutionary proletariat of Russia. Their beliefs and practices were often referred to as Bolshevism.
Nevertheless, the Bolsheviks became increasingly popular among most of the workers who lived in urban areas as well as the soldiers of Russia.
After the February Revolution of the year 1917, particularly after April, when Vladimir Lenin returned to the country, demanding immediate peace and that the workers’ councils, or Soviets, assume power. By October month the Bolsheviks had majorities in Saint Petersburg as well as in Moscow Soviets.
Later the Bolsheviks started spreading their rule very rapidly as they overthrew the Provisional Government, the Second Congress of Soviets approved the action and formally took control of the government.
The most important thing that you should remember about the bolsheviks is that just after the October Revolution, the Bolsheviks refused to share power with other revolutionary groups, with the exception of the Left Socialist Revolutionaries.
As they started suppressing all the rival political organizations. They changed their name regularly because of several different reasons.
On march month of the year 1918, they change their name to the Russian Communist Party of Bolsheviks, and then in December month of the year 1925, it was changed to All-Union Communist Party. In the year 1952, its name was changed once more to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. This was done in October month of the year 1952.