Q- Where are Elephants and One horned rhinoceros mainly found?
Answer- The elephants are mainly found in the hot wet forests of Assam, Kerala, and Karnataka. As Elephants are majestic animals so they prefer living in forested hilly areas, providing plenty of food and water for them throughout the year.
On the other hand, the One-horned Rhinoceros are mostly found in Swampy as well as the marshy lands of West Bengal and Assam.
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In the above paragraph, we told you the answer to the question that asked about where are elephants and one horned rhinoceros mainly found.
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Now, we would like to provide you with some extra knowledge about the two main animals that are included in the main topic of our article.
If you want to read about Elephants and One-horned Rhinoceros so you can read the content given below otherwise you can note down the question and answer that we provided above.
So, we are getting started with our topic that is Indian Elephants and after this, we will tell you a little bit about the one-horned Rhinoceros.
The Indian Elephant– where are elephants and one horned rhinoceros mainly found
The Elephant is a sub-species of the ancient Asian Elephant whose native land is Asia. As we all know that Idia is one of the largest countries on the Asian Continent.
Today, Asian Elephants are in huge danger. According to the report of the IUCN red list of the year 1986, Asian Elephants are considered an endangered species.
If you don’t know about IUCN. So, we are telling you in short that IUCN is an authority that works for the conservation of nature all over the World. The full form of IUCN is the International Union for Conservation of Nature which was founded on the year 1964.
The Indian Elephants are mainly found in India and some other neighbouring countries of India.
Some of the countries that are native land for Indian Elephants are Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Thailand, Laos, Bangladesh, etc.
However, today Indian elephants are totally extinct in Pakistan. If you want to know about the specific places or regions where elephants are found so, we have included them in the above question which is about where are elephants and one horned rhinoceros mainly found?
The scientific name of Indian Elephants is Elephas maximus indicus. Elephants are classified as megaherbivores. The elephant is a huge-sized animal that can consume up to 150 kilograms (330 lb) of plant matter per day. They are generalist feeders, and both grazers and browsers.
The Elephants used to graze on the tall grasses, but the portion consumed varies with the change in season. When the new flush appears in April month so, they remove the tender blades in small clumps.
Later, when grasses are higher than half a meter so, they started uprooting entire clumps, dust them skilfully and consume the fresh leave tops, but discard the roots.
In the Autumn season, they clean and consume the succulent basal portions with the roots, and discard the fibrous blades.
From the bamboo trees, they used to eat seedlings, culms, and lateral shoots. During the dry season from January to April month, they mainly browse on both twigs and leaves.
The most common species of One-horned Rhinoceros is the Indian rhinos. The Indian Rhinos have thick greyish-brown skin with pinkish skin folds and one horn on their snout.
The upper legs and shoulders of Indian Rhinos are covered in wart-like bumps. Body hairs are very little in their body.
The skull of the Indian Rhino is too heavy with a basal length above 24 inches that is around 26 centimeters and an occiput above 19 centimeters.
When we talk about the nasal horn or Indian Rhinos. The nasal horn is slightly back-curved with a base that is around 7.3 inches by 4.7 inches that rapidly narrows until a smooth, even stem part begins. The horn of these Rhinos is frequently worn down to a thick knob.
The Indian rhino’s single horn is present in both bulls as well as cows but is not present on newborn calves. The horn is pure keratin, like human fingernails. The horn of Indian Rhinos started to show after six years. In most adult Rhinos, the horn reaches a length of about 25 centimeters.
Among terrestrial land mammals in Asia, the Indian rhinos are second in body size that is just after the Asian elephant. The huge body of Indian Rhinos is rich in the presence of blood vessels underneath the tissues of their skin.
This rich presence of blood vessels underneath the tissues in folds gives them pinkish in color. The folds in the skin increase the surface area and help in regulating their inner body temperature.
Now, one question definitely came into your mind that is co-related to where are elephants and one horned rhinoceros mainly found that is: Does Rhino’s skin protect them from blood-sucking tabanus flies such as leeches, ticks, etc.
So, the answer to this question is No, the thick skin of Rhinoceros is not enough capable to protect against bloodsucking Tabanus flies, leeches, and ticks.
Generally, the Indian Rhinos are around 700 to 900 Kilograms in weight but the largest individuals reportedly weighed is up to 4,000 Kilograms.