Q- State the various poverty alleviation Programmes introduced by the government to remove poverty.
Answer- Indian government had started several anti-poverty programmes to reduce poverty. Some of the major anti-poverty programmed are as follows:
1. National Food for Work Programme:
NFWP stands for National Food for Work Programme which was launched in 2004. It is organised in about 150 districts of India. This scheme is implemented such that a 100 per cent centrally sponsored scheme and food grains are provided free of cost to the states.
2. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act:
MGNREGA refers to Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act which was introduced by Indian government in 2005.
The two main features of MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) are as follows:
1. This act aimed to provide jobs to people that is about 100 days assured employment every year.
2. In this programme if the applicant is not provided job or employment so unemployment allowance should be given to him or her.
3. Parham Mantri Gramodaya Yojana:
PMGY refers to Parham Mantri Gramodaya Yojana which was launched in 2000. According to Rural Employment Generation Programme additional central assistance is given to the states for basic services such as primary health, primary education, rural shelter, rural drinking water and rural electrification.
4. Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP):
REGP refers to Rural Employment Generation Programme. This programme aimed to create self-employment opportunities in rural areas. This programme provides 25 lakh jobs in rural as well as urban areas.
5. Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY):
SGSY refers to Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana. Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana was introduced in 1999. This scheme aimed to provide small loans too people who are below poverty line. This is done through a mix of bank credit and government subsidy.