Q- what were the main cause of French revolution?
Answer- Causes of French revolution are as follows:
1. Despoitic rule of Louis 16:
He become the ruler of france in 1774. He had drained the financial resources of france in wars. For the cost of his regular extravagant expenses, he increased taxes which were paid by third estate only.
2. Division of French Society:
The French society was divided into three estates; First, Second and Third Estates. Among them first and second estate had 10% of the total population and were the clergy and nobles. They enjoys all the privileges. Rest of the 90% was of the third estate which paid all kind of direct and indirect tax. This king of discrimination led to revolution.
3. Rising prices:
The population of france had increased this results in more demand of food grains so the price of bread rose rapidly, which the poor could not afford to buy so the gap between rich and poor widened.
4. Inspiration of the philosophers:
Philosophers like John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau and Montesquieu propagated the idea of having society where people could enjoy freedom, equal laws and equal opportunities. Their ideas inspired the people of france to release their dreams.
5. Role of Middle class:
The 18th century witnessed the emergence of social groups termed as middle class, who earned their wealth through an expanding trade of the manufactured good, bring exported. There were other professionals also like lawyers, Administrative officials who were educated too. They believed that no groups in society should be privileged by birth.