Q- What were the main causes of the Russian Revolution?
Answer- The main causes of the Russian Revolution were as follows:
1. Autocratic rule of Tsar: In 1914, The Russian Emperor was Tsar Nicholas 2. He fought a number of wars to expand in the north and the west in Europe. He collects the expenditure of war by taxing the common people.
2. Conditions of Peasants: The majority of people in Russia were agriculturists. A major part of the land was owned by nobles and clergy and these peasants worked as farmers or on daily wages. They were paid less and had to work long hours as there were no proper labor working hours.
3. Status of Industries: Industry was found in pockets. Prominent industrial areas were St. Petersberg and Moscow. Craftsmen undertook much of the production, but large factories existed alongside crafts workshops. Foreign investment in industries increased with the extension of Russia’s railway network.
4. Conditions of Workers in the Industries: Most industries were owned by private Industrialists. Through the government-supervised factories’ working hours and wages of the workers, but still, rules were broken. Women workers were also paid less than men. Some workers also formed associations to help members in times of unemployment and financial crisis.
5. Formation of Socialist parties:
All political parties were illegal in Russia before 1914. The Russian Socialists formed The Russian Democratic Socialist party in 1898, which respected or follows Marxist ideas. But because of government policies, it had to operate secretly as an illegal organization. It set up a newspaper, mobilized workers, and organized strikes.
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