Q- Describe the history of Socialist Movement in Russia?
Answer- In 1898, The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party formed which follows ideas of Karl Marx. Some socialists formed Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900, to struggle for peasants’ rights and demanded to lands belonging to nobles should be given to peasants. Lenin felt that these were peasants who were poor as well as rich, so they could not all be a part of the Socialist movement.
Lenin, who formed the Bolsheviks group, felt that in the society like Tsarist Russia, party should be disciplined and should control its members number and quality, whereas Mensheviks thought that the party should be opened to all. The party was divided over the strategy of organisation, Bolsheviks and Mensheviks. Bolsheviks were led by Lenin and Mensheviks by Kerensky.