How do biotic and abiotic factors affect crop production

Q- How do biotic and abiotic factors affect crop production?

Answer- We all know that our environment consisted of biotic and abiotic factors. These all affect the crop production in several ways.

The biotic factors includes insect, fungi, pests e.t.c. that spoils crop, thereby it decrease crop production or farm yield. Few nematodes also helps in increasing fertility of the soil to get better production.

The abiotic factors such as drought, salinity, water logging, heat, cold and frost cause major loss to the crop. Due to these factors the crop production decreases and sometimes leads to crop failure. On the other hand these factors are also essential for crop production as without these factors the crop cannot be produced or grown.

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