Q- In one political system the head of the state exercises only nominal powers. Evaluate the statement and mention any three situations in which president only use his discretion.
Answer- In a political state the head of the system exercise the nominal power is correct but can only exercises nominal powers is wrong. This we can understand with a example that the head of a country is president and it is correct that President of every country take final decision on the basis of the agreement of minister or with the consent of council of minister but it is not necessary that president had to exercise his or her powers in the advice of the council of ministers. The President is the one who can take the final decision.
The three situations in which president only use his discretion are as follows:
1. The making of law and bill is passed by the parliament and the president did not signed it so the council of minister along with other members of parliament can discuss on this disagreement from bill in meeting but cannot force him to sign in that bill. And we all know that no bill can came into force until it is not signed by president of that country.
2. The Prime Minister The Prime Minister is elected through voting but in this voting the vote is not given by the public but instead of them the representative of different constituencies vote to elect Prime Minister. The voters in this election are the Members of Parliament and Members of Legislative Assembly.
Instead this the entire president had right to take final decision in appointing Prime Minister for country.
3. In Lok Sabha election when no party or coalition got majority on their side so the president is one who had right to take decision or result of that election.
In these three situations president only use his discretion.