What is Coriolis force? Describe its effect on climate

Q- What is Coriolis force? Describe its effect on climate.

Answer- According to several researchers, Coriolis force is an apparent force that generates due to the rotational motion of Earth. It plays a very big role in the change in the climate of any region. There are several impacts or effects of Coriolis force on climate.

Some of the major effects that are caused due to Coriolis force on climate are that due to Coriolis force the trade winds that were blowing from subtropical high-pressure belts to low-pressure belts near the equator become north-eastern trade winds in the northern hemisphere and south-eastern winds in the southern hemisphere. At last, the Coriolis force helped in bringing rainfall to the eastern coast.

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Now at last we are going to tell you about the Coriolis force but this is not based on geography. It’s based on physics. So, all the definition and details provided in the paragraph given below about Coriolis force is on the basis of physics. If you like to read the paragraph given below so you can continue reading it.

What is Coriolis Force

In the answer to the above question, what is Coriolis force describe its effect on climate? we already describe what is Coriolis force and its effects on climate so you can read the answer given at the beginning of this article here, we are telling you a little brief theory about Coriolis force and its effect (Coriolis effect).

Coriolis force or Coriolis effect is a kind of Apparent force on objects or particles that is caused due to the rotation of the Earth under them.

The motion of these objects or particles is deflected towards the right in the Northern Hemisphere and towards the left of the Southern Hemisphere, but their speed is unaffected by this force. The direction of water or movement of swirling round in a drain or whirlpool denotes the Coriolis force.

The Coriolis effect is very important for virtually all sciences that are related to Earth and planetary motions. It is too critical for the dynamics of the atmosphere including the motions of winds.

According to oceanography, the motions of oceanic currents are also a little bit related to the Coriolis force and its effects. In astrophysics, astronomy, and studies of the dynamics of the stars and planets, the Coriolis force and its effects explain the rotation of the sunspots and true directions of light seen on Earth from the stars.

what is coriolis force describe its effect on climate
what is coriolis force describe its effect on climate

Coriolis Force in Physics

According to physics, Coriolis force is a kind of inertial as well as the fictitious force that acts over an object that is currently in motion within a frame of reference that rotates with respect to inertia. Now we are talking about the origin of the Coriolis force and we will learn here about when and how was Coriolis force was defined by scientists or physiologists.

Origin of Coriolis force

The history of the origin of the Coriolis force starts with Italian scientist (Giovanni Battista Riccioli) and his assistant named Francesco Maria Grimaldi. They both described the effects of its connection with artillery in the year 1651. In the same year, Almagestum Novum described that the rotation of planet Earth causes a force that deflects the northern winds to the east.

In the year 1674, a famous scientist Claude Francois Milliet Dechales defined how the rotating motion of Earth leads to the rising of a force that causes a kind of deflection in the trajectories in both falling bodies as well projectiles. This force aims towards anyone of the pole of planet Earth. Scientist Claude Francois Milliet Dechales also defined this statement in his Cursus seu Mundus Mathematicus.

In the year 1835, Gaspard Gustave Coriolis published a paper that is based on the energy that is gained from the rotational movement of any machine such as a waterwheel. That paper of Gaspard Gustave Coriolis helped in considering the supplementary forces that are detected in the rotational frame of reference. Further, Gaspard Gustave Coriolis divided these supplementary forces into two different parts. After it, he did a deep study in it and after a long time period, he finally told about a force that is named after his name Coriolis force.

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